France before 1. When and where was the formation for the National Assembly announced? The people captured the Bastille and began to tear it down.
Unwillingly, the king called the meeting. The king was beheaded on the guillotine on January 21, What was the most important legacy of the French Revolution? A broken chain signifies act of becoming free, as chains were used to fretter slaves.
Then came Louis XV who allowed political and social positions to be bought by wealthy commoners, enraging nobles even further.
A series of elected legislatures then took control of the government. What is the national anthem of France?
Meanwhile, the masses of France also took action. The descent into radicalism 1. Weather did not allow an outdoor meeting, and fearing an attack ordered by Louis XVI, they met in a tennis court just outside Versailles, where they proceeded to swear the Tennis Court Oath 20 June under which they agreed not to separate until they had given France a constitution.
Who was the Abbe Sieyes and what contribution did he make to the French Revolution, both in ideological and practical terms? Did the women of France have more motivation or potential for revolution than the men? This triggered uncertainty and debate about how the Estates General would be composed and what voting procedures it would use.
List two significant laws enacted by Robespierre.
The presence of things like lettres du cachet and the Bastille give the impression that pre-revolutionary France was an authoritarian society that oppressed personal liberty and freedom.
Thousands of others met the same fate in a period known as the Reign of Terror. The American constitution and its guarantee of individual rights inspired the philosophers. The wave of revolutionary fervor and widespread hysteria quickly swept the countryside.
Evaluate the brief life and political impact of the Legislative Assembly. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in Juneretain?
But he began to gather troops around Paris to break up the Assembly.
The extravagant spending of the royal family is often advanced as a major cause of the French Revolution. They needed military support and turned to Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general who had become a hero during a military campaign in Italy in and Tithes was the special tax levied by the church on peasants.
The Third Estate demanded that the credentials of deputies should be verified by all deputies, rather than each estate verifying the credentials of its own members, but negotiations with the other estates failed to achieve this. Explain how the ideological foundations of the French monarchy were challenged and possibly undermined by Enlightenment philosophers and writers.
Name the leader of the Jacobin Club. Extravagant lifestyle of the monarchy brought France to the verge of bankruptcy and hastened the Revolution. Discuss the actions of the parlements and the Assembly of Notables in the late s. Explain the composition of the National Convention and its various political divisions and factions.
Only about 80 deputies were involved in trade or industry, most as business owners or managers. Unwillingly, the king called the meeting.The Estates General (French, États Généraux) was a representative assembly of ancien régime France, comprised of deputies from all Three Estates.
The Estates General met only occasionally, summoned by the king in times of difficulty. The convocation of the Estates General was the first since The French Revolution and the Estates General. The roots of the French Revolution of can be traced back to the reign of Louis XIV, an absolute monarch.
He established the basis of the French Revolution by reducing the power of nobles, taking them away from their land, the roots of their power. The Estates-General was made up of the three estates of the political system of France, which was called the Old Regime.
The first estate consisted of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.
[tags: French Revolution Essays]. Nov 09, · Watch video · The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. During this period, French citizens.
A summary of The Estates-General: in History SparkNotes's The French Revolution (–). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The French Revolution (–) and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. In general, scholarship on the French Revolution initially studied the political ideas and developments of the era, but it has gradually shifted towards social history that.Download